The drone at the service of the French civil security


The use of drones is gradually becoming a new aid for judicial investigations, recognition or interventions within the security services of the Ministry of the Interior. The General Secretariat of the French Defense and National Security recommends the evolution of the regulations on the use of drones, the Ministry of the Interior is already fighting against malicious uses.

Used systematically during an aerial crash for ground researches, drones of the air transport research section of the National Gendarmerie are becoming essential. Will the drone be used systematically by the gendarmerie soon? This new technology brings for some months already new technical possibilities and obvious practices, especially in the framework of the researches of aerial accidents.


“It's quite simple, its use is systematic during air crashes, like the one in Mali (1) last year," explains Lieutenant-Colonel Paul Chaudanson, deputy head of the air transport research section (SRTA) Roissy CDG. The utility of the drone on the scene of researches is obvious and comes in addition to the means of air forces of the gendarmerie. A first flyover at a height of 100 meters immediately apprehends the entire crash scene and allows to learn quickly on the extent of the scattered surface of the wreckage and to visualize details and elements useful for the investigation (trajectory, point of impact, debris on the roofs ...), imperceptible from the ground, and even to obtain essential information to determine the causes of the crash.

"Moreover, the drone make it possible to fly and film at a really low hight without degrading the crash zone," added Captain Philippe Molé, commander of the division against air safety and security breaches. Unlike a helicopter, a drone avoids the effect of air blow that can alter the crash scene very much. It is easily transported and used in deteriorated weather conditions, even at night. It is also inaudible in town at more than 50 meters high...”

A vehicle was also equipped to transport drones, a converter, an inverter, a generator, pilot safety equipment and a television for viewing live video images. These will be immediately recorded, transmitted without delay via the 4G network to the operational command and investigation station, or even modeled in 3D by the IRCGN!

From now on, thanks to its performances, the "radius of action" of the drone grows. Thus, it was used at the scene of railway accident or during fires or by the SRTA soldiers during a search of a hangar, reconnaissance missions ... This vector also constitutes for the GIGN a technical means of operational observation. It can of course be used for locating locations across a house or apartment, before an intervention, but also as a tool for information and live image broadcasting for the authorities of the country. 'employment. The drones in the gendarmerie have, in any case, a promising future.

Remember the drone was born of a military invention and its recent existence in the civil sometimes suggests that this technology is new. Although military drones are different from the models their use is not new. It is therefore perfectly normal for the drone to serve national security.


Facilitating the work and safety of agents during the missions.

Getting information is crucial when it comes to challenging criminals. This allows you to obtain evidence and identify the perpetrators. If it is useful it is also a question of security thus allowing the agents to know their numbers, their positions or even if they are armed. New way of contravention by drone, a revolution in progress.

New uses for law enforcement agencies may not be welcome if they become more democratic.

Automatic radar and surveillance cameras are already used to verbalize motorists, the police are testing a new tool, the drone. The latter would control a very large number of vehicles in a minimum of time on portions not equipped with cameras.


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